A. A Urologist is specialist who has expertise in the surgical and medical management of problems of the male and female urinary tract, and the male reproductive system. The urinary tract in men and women includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. The male reproductive system includes the testes, prostate, penis, epididymis, seminal vesicles and associated glands. These conditions include cancer, stones, infection, incontinence, sexual dysfunction and pelvic floor problems.